Describing a Person (Descriptive Paragraph)- Unit 1




A Descriptive Paragraph

describes a thing, a person, or a place. Detailed information allows the reader to form an image in his or her imagination. The better the description, the clearer the image. 
When teaching my students how to write a descriptive paragraph, I usually have them consider the five senses of touch, smell, sound, taste, and sight. Before writing the paragraph, make five columns and list words or ideas for the subject of the paragraph based on these five senses. Like this:

touch smell sound taste sight





The sense of sight is the one that most writers consider first, but try to work on that one last. Let's take, for example, a description of a place. What do you feel when you go there? What do you feel on your skin. Is it hot or cold? Is it wet or dry? What do you smell? Is there food? Are the smells good or bad? What do the smells remind you of? What do you hear? Is it quiet or noisy? Are there cars moving about? Are people talking? What about the sounds of nature? Are they present? Even a soft wind makes a sound. Taste is a difficult sense to describe, and the degree to which you pay this any attention depends on the subject matter. Sight comes last. Here you can describe color, size, depth, height, width, etc.
As mentioned above, a descriptive paragraph describes a thing, a person or a place. lets learn more about how to describe a person. 

⇒⇒⇒⇒Learning how to describe a person so that the reader forms a vivid (real)  impression of your characters is essential for writing compelling stories. Read 7 tips for describing characters so they come to life:

1. Focus on details that reveal characters’ personalities and psychologies

2. Prioritize unique character features

3. Describe characters’ body language and gestures

4. Allow internal contradictions

5. Read writers renowned for their characterization

6. Create character sketches to inspire you as you write

7. Use exercises and prompts on how to describe a person to improve your craft


⇒⇒⇒⇒When describing a person we mainly focus on describing his or her physical appearance and personality. 


Physical Feature
Vocabulary for Description
Arm
long, short, lank, lanky, bony, rounded, well-shaped
Bearing
posture, bear oneself well, hold one's body upright, stooping
Build
large, small, powerful, slight, heavy, slim, solid, delicate, strong, spare, stocky, neat, sturdy, graceful
Cheekbones
long, high, prominent, perfect, sculptured, broken, cracked, fractured
Cheeks
wide, chubby, plump, hollow, sunken, with dimples, with creases, blushing, pink, rosy, scarlet, ashen, pale, pallid, pasty, cool, smooth, soft, flushed, hot, ruddy, tear-stained, wet, hamster, hamster-like, rouged, stubby, unshaven
Chin
clean-shaven, double, protruding, massive, pointed, round, decided
Constitution
strong, feeble, vigorous, frail, rugged, delicate, iron, weak (poor)
Ears
curving, earlobe, lop-eared, pointed, pointy, floppy
Eye-lashes
winged, straight, thin, artificial, false, thick, short, long, curling
Eyebrows
amber, arched, bushy, dark, jet-black, heavy, thick, enquiring, querying, questioning, quizzical, cynical, sardonic, sceptical, surprised, amused, derisive, mocking, lifted, raised, pencilled, raise (knit) one's brows, shaggy, unkempt, plucked, shaped, straight, thin, well-marked




Teeth
twisted, close-set, big, enormous, huge, sparse, even, straight, gappy, crooked, jagged, misshapen, broken, missing, needle-sharp, razor-sharp, sharp, baby, milk, wisdom, canine, savage, back, front, bottom, top, capped, false, gold, loose, wobbly, yellow, decayed, rotten, perfect, splendid, strong, white, pearl-like, pearl-white, good, healthy, uneven, prominent, sticking out, large, small, perfect, imperfect
Step
firm, careful, gingerly, heavy, delicate, light, brisk, quick, rapid, smart, slow, measured footstep, stride with a firm step
Stature, 
height 
& shape
imposing, diminutive, short, middle-sized, be 6 feet high, be of medium / average height, tall
Shoulders
big, broad, great, huge, manly, massive, muscled, muscular, powerful, strong, wide, tense, tight, tired, bare, square, round, bony, bowed, delicate, shapely, slim, sloping, high, narrow, thin, hollow chest, throw one's chest with pride, waist, be slim at the waist
Nose
aquiline, big, bulbous, enormous, huge, large, nostrils, aristocratic, elegant, pink, red, shiny, bridge of the nose, flat, flattened, tip of the nose, curved, Roman, flat, beaky, hooked, crooked, snub, tip-tilted, narrow, thin, straight, pointed, sharp, little, small, stubby, tiny, fleshy, long, prominent, strong, turned up, upturned
Mouth
firm, hard, strong, big, cavernous, enormous, generous, huge, large, wide, full, sensual, sensuous, well-shaped, lopsided, wet, dry, tight, gaping, half-open, cruel, hungry, swollen, toothless, full-lipped, lipless, thin, loose, slack, soft, hot, warm, stern, small, beautiful, chiselled, handsome, lovely, pretty,, strong-willed
Moustache, beard and whiskers
side·whiskers, sideboards, sideburns, clean shaven, smooth cheeks, stubby, unshaven, stubble beard, full beard, moustache, military moustache, English-style moustache, shadow, thick, thin, bushy, clipped, curly, drooping, droopy, neat, military, pencil, handlebar, toothbrush, tufty, walrus, waxed, nicotine-stained, false
Marks
mole, scar, dimple
Legs
Leg, long, short, stumpy, slender, crooked, beautiful, good, shapely (fine), muscled, muscular, powerful, strong, bow-shaped, skinny, findly, thin, bandy, hairy, lank, stout, large, small, narrow,




Eamples:
Vania Campos
ESOL 42: Level 4 Writing
November 21st, 2014


My Teen Sister

          My favorite little sister is Belen. She is sixteen years old. She is short, 1 meter and 51 centimeters tall. She has long wavy, shiny, brown hair. Her skin is so beautiful. It reminds me of the color of coffee with milk. Her face is a heart form. You can see her anger or happiness in her big expressive brown eyes. She has a little nose, and her mouth looks like it was painted light pink. She can speak two thousand words, moving from hate to love and from love to hate, change her opinion five times, start talking alone, forget what she was talking about at the beginning, all in one minute. It’s a little difficult to try to talk to her, but it’s fun. She has a strong personality. She falls in love every year, and she is a little crazy, but I love her personality. Sometimes I want to kill her, and she wants to kill me too. I think that is normal between sisters. She is like the song “Mystery Train” by Bon Jovi. She likes rap, hip-hop and pop music. She likes reading romance and fantasy books. She enjoys horror movies (I know, she is crazy). She loves to go out with her friends, paint her nails, and wear high heel shoes. She is always dancing, studying, reading, working and going out. She is a very busy girl. The truth is that since childhood, she has danced, sung and talked incessantly. She always knew what she wanted and never hesitated to say her opinion. She has lived happy and sad moments like everyone, but she has continued with her life. She makes me feel very proud for that reason. She will continue to grow up to become “the best version of herself,” and work hard to pay my bills (It’s a family joke). When she reads this part she will want to hit me. I love my teen sister.


My best freind Brahim
Brahim has been my best feriend since we were in the primary school. He's a tall and slim young man with tanned skin and curly dark hair. He has brown small eyes in an oval shiny face. He always wears casual clothes in a very messy way.
        Brahim is very outgoing. He is an extroverted person who loves having fun all the time. He's got a great sense of humour, and he always makes me laugh. Brahim is a very generous and sensitive person. However, he can be a little tense at times. For example, when someone crosses him, he suddenly becomes very quarrelsome and wild.
        Brahim is very keen on playing games, particularly soccer. During the weekends, he spends hours either training his football team or watching matches on TV. In addition to that, he enjoys singing and dancing, as well, and he is fond of listening to pop music in particular. Everybody likes him for his modesty and sociability.
        All in all, I'm satisfied to have such a good person like Brahim as a friend. I really enjoy his company. I never feel bored or sad when I am with him. I'm sure we'll always be intimate friends.

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